Synopsis of Coptic Grammar 
Single words denoting expressions The expression
aha ah ahy yes
ce yes, I'll do
amoi to express a wish (wish)
on as well, moreover
piq to frighten someone
kiq to ban someone from doing a thing
s ss to express admiration
apai abai to express anger
if to express disgust (usuall; an odor)
iqc to express disgust
menencwc later
nofri. noufi. outaiemou]. eouw. exressing hi, or hello
 w nem expressing how great, how nice, how beautiful
oujai. oujai qen p=o=c bye
aah expressing pain
eneh never
atcbw iqc to insult as mannerless, to express spitting
kejac anyway
aryou. mesaf. mesak may be, perhaps
jekac eventhough
miok. mio. miwten. bravo(well done) (adressing sing.m., sing.f., plural
,arwk. ,arw. ,arwten shutup(adressing sing.m., sing.f., plural
nanec OK, all clear
nofri pe pe(k)ehoou `mmici happy birthday. K is omitted with f.
`mmonhli to reply for thank you
qen oucmou Congratulations
maron let's go
 
Singular (masculine) Singular(feminie) Plural meaning
Indefinite articles ou ou han a, an.
 Definite articles pi. p. v ]. t. ;. ni. nen the
Connectors for simple being pe te ne am, are, is
Demonstrative pronouns vai ;ai nai this
Demonstrative adjectives pai- tai- nai- this
Relative pronouns vyet - et ;yet - et nyet - et who, which
Demonstrative pronouns vyetemmau ;yetemmau nyetemmau that
Possesive pronouns va ;a na who has, who have
Demontrative realtive pronouns pet- tet- net- who, which
 
personal pronouns
I anok
you (singular masculine) `n;ok
you (singular feminine) `n;o
He `n;of
She `n;oc
We anon
you (plural) `n;wten
They `n;wou
 
posessive adjective  .posessive adjective  posessive adjective 
posessed noun  singular masculine singular feminine  plural
mine pa- ta- na-
your (singular masculine) pek- tek- nek-
your (singular feminine) pe- te- ne-
his pef- tef- nef-
her pec- tec- nec-
our pen- ten- nen-
your (plural) peten- teten- neten-
their pou- tou nou-
 
possessive pronoun va ;a na
posessed noun  singular masculine  singular feminine  plural
mine vwi ;wi noui
your (singular masculine) vwk ;wk nouk
your (singular feminine) vw ;w nou
his vwf ;wf nouf
her vwc ;wc nouc
our vwn ;wn noun
your (plural) vwten ;wten nouten
their vwou ;wou nouou
 
object pronoun `mmo ero ne
conjugation first second dative
me `mmoi eroi nyi
you (singular masculine) `mmok erok nak
you (singular feminine) `mmo ero ne
him `mmof erof naf
her `mmoc eroc nac
us `mmon eron nan
you (plural) `mmwten erwten nwten
them `mmwou erwou nwou
 
preposition with object pronoun qen ebolqen ha ebolha qaten hiten sa
in from (place)  to  from (impersonal) at by till 
me `nqyt ebol`nqyt haroi ebolharoi qatot hitot saroi
you (singular masculine) `nqytk ebol`nqytk harok ebolharok qatotk hitotk sarok
you (singular feminine) `nqy] ebol`nqy] haro ebolharo qato] hito] saro
him `nqytf ebol`nqytf harof ebolharof qatotf hitotf sarof
her `nqytc ebol`nqytc haroc ebolharoc qatotc hitotc saroc
us `nqyten ebol`nqyten haron ebolharon qatoten hitoten saron
you (plural) qen ;ynou ebolqen ;ynou harwten ebolharwten qaten ;ynou hiten ;ynou sarwten
them `nqytou ebol`nqytou harwou ebolharwou qatotou hitotou sarwou
 
preposition with object pronoun e hijen ejen `mvry] qajen menenca aqo nem
to on (stable object) on (moving object) as before after  what's with  with
me eroi hijwi ejwi `mpary] qajwi menencwi aqoi nemyi
you (singular masculine) erok hijwk ejwk `mpekry] qajwk menencwk aqok nemak
you (singular feminine) ero hijw ejw `mpery] qajw menencw aqo neme
him erof hijwf ejwf `mpefry] qajwf menencwf aqof nemaf
her eroc hijwc ejwc `mpecry] qajwc menencwc aqoc nemac
us eron hijwn ejwn `mpenry] qajwn menencwn aqon neman
you (plural) erwten hijen ;ynou ejen ;ynou `mpetenry] qajen ;ynou menenca ;ynou aqwten nemwten
them erwou hijwou ejwou `mpoury] qajwou menencwou aqwou nemwou
 
preposition with object pronoun `mpem;o camenhe `nca e;be hw oube `mmauat nahren; 
ehren
infont of behind towards for also against y infront of onl; at y infront of 
me `mpam;o camenhyi `ncwi e;byt hwi oubyi `mmauat nahrai
you (singular masculine) `mpekm;o camenhyk `ncwk e;bytk hwk oubyk `mmauatk nahrak
you (singular feminine) `mpem;o camenhe `ncw e;by] hw ouby `mmaua] nahre
him `mpefm;o camenhyf `ncwf e;bytf hwf oubyf `mmauatf nahraf
her `mpecm;o camenhyc `ncwc e;bytc hwc oubyc `mmauatc nahrac
us `mpenm;o camenhyn `ncwn e;byten hwn oubyn `mmauaten nahran
you (plural) `mpetenm;o camenhe ;ynou `ncwten e;be ;ynou hwten oube ;ynou `mmauaten ;ynou nahren ;ynou
them `mpoum;o camenhyou `ncwou e;bytou hwou oubyou `mmauatou nahrau
 
preposition with object pronoun `nten oute hi qaraten `nte ecken a[ne qa
from (from the hand of) betweeny among over under / below of beside without about
me `ntot outwi hiwt qarat `ntyi eckent a[noui qaroi
you (singular masculine) `ntotk outwk hiwtk qaratk `ntak eckentk a[nouk qarok
you (singular feminine) `nto] outw hiw] qara] `nte ecken] a[nou qaro
him `ntotf outwf hiwtf qaratf `ntaf eckentf a[nouf qarof
her `ntotc outwc hiwtc qaratc `ntac eckentc a[nouc qaroc
us `ntoten outwn hiwten qaraten `ntan eckenten a[noun qaron
;ou (plural) `nten ;ynou oute ;ynou hi ;ynou qaraten ;ynou `ntwten ecken ;ynou  a[ne ;ynou qarwten
them `ntotou outwou hiwtou qaratou `ntwou eckentou a[nouou qarwou
 
words used in questioning meaning noun prefixes
as what ref signifyng personal doer (er) e.g. worrier
ou what rec Claudius Labib expression - almost obsolete
an do you, did you jin to form noun from verb "gerund"always masculine noun.e.g. playing
nim who met to form noun from verb or adjective always feminine noun e.g. friendship
`nas `nry] how ma to form place e.g. play ground
;wn where ca for professional in a profession
`n;nau when rem fro belonging "man of" e.g. Egyptian
sa;nau till when adjectival prefixes
icjen;nau since when la to express large quantit; of work e.g. talkative
ebol;wn from where at. a; to express undoing e.g. impossible,
as `n - nim `n which sou to mean deserving or worth; e.g. worth noting
ouyr  how many 
qaouyr for how many
e;beou why
san or